Rockfall protection systems are a key element in the design and maintenance of infrastructure networks with a direct impact on safety. A key distinction must be made between active and passive protection systems.
Passive systems are such that do not affect rock detachment process, focusing rather on containing falling debris, thereby minimizing risks to the infrastructure and its users.
Passive systems include:
Heavy galvanized steel wire mesh.
Rockfall protection barriers.
Rockfall protection embankments.
Active systems act on the rock detachment process. Double twisted steel wire mesh consists of different kinds of metal wire and cables and is anchored to the rock slope.
The planning, construction and maintenance of these structures must also take into account their durability.